About the EU-Mediterranean Association Agreements


The Association Agreements (AAs) between the EU and respectively Algeria, Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco and Tunisia have been signed between 1995 and 2002 and have entered into force between 2000 and 2006. The AAs were part of the outcome of the so-called Barcelona Declaration, an attempt aimed at fostering political, security, cultural, human as well as economic and financial partnerships between the EU and the Southern Mediterranean partner countries. The AAs emphasized economic liberalisation and reforms, and trade was one of the main forces driving these economic reforms. The trade chapters of these agreements (amounting to an FTA) were therefore the most important operational and binding commitments that were made.

The objectives of the trade chapters of the Association Agreements are similar in all cases:

  1. To promote trade and expansion of harmonious economic and social relations between the EU and the six partner countries,
  2. To establish the conditions for the gradual liberalization of trade in goods, services, and capital flows between the EU and the six partner countries, and
  3. To encourage intra-regional integration by promoting trade and cooperation both within the region and between it and the Community and its Member States

More information on the trade relations and the relevant agreements between the EU and the six partner countries is available through the following links: